Financial Services

Financial services

Financial services are a variety of businesses and organizations that provide the money needed to purchase goods and services. These include banks, credit unions, loan associations, insurance companies and stock brokers.

The financial services sector includes thousands of depository institutions and providers of investment products, insurance companies, and other credit and financing organizations. It also includes critical financial utilities that serve these organizations, such as payment processing systems and global exchanges.

A financial good is a product, such as a car or house, that you purchase with money. A financial service is what makes it possible for you to acquire the good, whether it’s a mortgage or a life insurance policy.

These industries are a vital part of the economy, and are regulated by government agencies to ensure fairness, transparency and the preservation of trust between consumers and the entities they use. They also play a key role in economic development by facilitating investment, production and saving.


Banks are the foundation of the financial services industry and provide savings, lending, and other types of intermediation. They earn revenue primarily from fees, commissions, and the difference between interest rates charged on loans and deposits. They are also the source of capital for other financial intermediaries, including securities traders, investment funds and Wall Street firms.

The financial services sector is a significant contributor to economic growth and prosperity. It facilitates the distribution of funds to different sectors, which are essential for a country’s development and provides opportunities for employment.

In a developing country, the presence of a strong and well-functioning financial sector can be critical to economic growth. It enables a government to raise short-term and long-term funds for its revenue and capital expenditure.

It also helps in promoting economic activity and creating demand for goods by offering finance, hire purchase, new issue market and other services. It promotes diversification and enhances the goodwill of a company.


A brokerage firm or company is a middleman who connects the buying and selling parties and facilitates the transaction by receiving a fee (commission) for their services. They offer investors opportunities to buy or sell stocks, bonds and mutual funds, among other instruments.

They also act as consultants to individuals and business.

The finance sector is a broad range of economic activities that provide an array of services and products, mainly in the areas of real estate, consumer finance, banking, and insurance. The sector also consists of stock brokerages, asset management firms and individual managers.


An important sub-sector of the financial services sector, insurance involves a variety of policies that protect you from death or injury, loss of property, and liability. These policies may be in the form of life, health, disability, and auto insurance.

Private equity:

A sub-sector of the financial services industry, this sector provides capital to a company in return for ownership stakes or profit participation. It also includes venture capital.

The financial services industry is constantly changing, due to advances in technology and the availability of a wide variety of online banking and other products. As a result, it has become a large, diverse industry. Its customers include individuals, small business owners and larger corporations as well as governments and nonprofits.